Nitrous and Your Vehicle: Part 2
Exactly how does injecting nitrous oxide into the engine help? Combustion is basically igniting a mixture of oxygen and fuel in a chamber with a sparkplug. The explosion that results from this produces powder. Essentially, a nitrous oxide injection system
pumps N2O into your engineís intake system. At 296 degrees Celsius, the N2O breaks down into nitrogen and oxygen. The loose oxygen atom is burned together with the combustion. More oxygen means more power in your engine. Itís really that simple.
Nitrous oxide also cools the intake temperature down by 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheitóand every 10 degree drop in temperature gives you about a 1% gain in horsepower. On top of the extra power you get from extra oxygen, you get another 6-7% increase in horsepower, too.
With the increased power being created, how do you control the process so that you donít blow out your engine? Balancing the air-fuel mixture with the extra oxygen provided by nitrous oxide is a tricky thing to do. If youíre too lean, youíll get detonation problems. If youíre too rich, youíll lose power. Itís all a matter of learning. Before you start, make sure that your transmission can handle it. As you develop a better understanding of nitrous oxide, youíll see better results in your vehicle.